R vs Python which is better

R vs python which is better we discuss both languages in this article. R and Python are the most widely used programming languages in data science. Both are useful and open-source languages. R is a statistical language used for data analysis as well as the visual representation of data. Python is better suitable for machine learning, deep learning, as well as large-scale web applications. It is suitable for statistical learning having powerful libraries for data experiment and exploration.

R vs Python Which is better
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R vs Python Which is Better

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Python vs R which is better

R Programming Language- Python vs R which is better

It is a programming language of computers for statistics. R is mostly useful for performing calculations related to statistics and making graphs. This language has become famous among the statisticians of the world as the standard language for creating software related to statistics. Robert Gentleman and Ross Ihaka in August 1993 at Auckland university in New Zealand invented R. The R programming language is an execution of the S programming language. It also integrates scheme-inspired lexical scopic with semantics. Basically, the project started in 1992 with an initial version in 2000.

Features of R- R vs python which is better

Here are many features of the R language as follows:

R is an Open Source language

R is an open-source software environment. It is free. Users can adjust and customize according to their needs and for the project, you can make improvements and add packages for additional functionalities.

R has Basic statistics

The most common basic statics terms are mean, mode, as well as the median. All these are evaluations of central tendency. Therefore, using the R language, we can measure central tendency very easily.

Strong Graphical capabilities

R creates data visualization and data representation very easily. It can produce stable graphics with production quality visualizations and has expanded. From concise charts to detailed and interactive flow diagrams, all are R’s repertoire.

Wide selection of packages

R has a sea of packages of all kinds of subjects likewise astronomy, biology, etc. While R was originally used for educational purposes. Now industries also use it. Comprehensive R Archive Network has over 10,000 different packages, the number is continuously growing.

Interfacing with Databases

R contains several packages that enable it to interact with databases like Oracle, Open Database Connectivity Protocol, MySQL, etc.

Data Variety

R can handle many structured and unstructured data. It also gives various data modeling and data operation facilities due to its interaction with databases.

Features of R
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Features of R

Advantages of RR vs Python which is better

There are many advantages as below:

R is an Open Source language

This is open-source language on which we can work without any need for a license or a fee. We can contribute to the development of R by modifying our packages, developing new ones, and resolving issues.

R has an Independent platform

R is a platform-free language or cross-platform programming language which means its code can run on all operating systems. It has enabled programmers to develop software for many competing platforms by writing a program only once. It can run quite easily on Windows, Linux, and Mac.

Machine Learning Operations

R allows us to do several machine learning operations such as classification and regression. For this purpose, R provides many packages and features for developing the artificial neural network.

Quality plotting and graphing

R is made simple quality for plotting and graphing. R libraries such as ggplot2 and plotly advocate for visually appealing and aesthetic graphs which set R apart from other programming languages.

The array of packages

R has a rich set of packages. R has over 10,000 packages in the CRAN repository which are continuously growing. it gives packages for data science and machine learning operations.

Continuously Growing

R is a constantly evolving programming language. it changes or develops over time, likewise our taste in music and clothes, which evolve as we get older. R is a state of the art that provides updates whenever any new feature is added.

Disadvantages of R- R vs Python Which is better

We discuss the disadvantages of R as follows:

Data Handling

In R, objects are stored in physical memory. It is different from other programming languages like Python. Ruse more memory as compared to Python. It needs the entire data in one single place which is in the memory. It is not a good option when we deal with Big Data.

Basic Security

R lacks basic security. it is an important part of most programming languages such as Python. Because of this, there are many restrictions with R as it cannot be bound in a web application.

Complicated Language

R is a very puzzling language, and it has a fast learning step. People who don’t have programming experience may find it difficult to learn R.

R is a Weak Origin

The main disadvantage of R is, that ‘it does not have help for dynamic or 3D graphics. The reason behind this is its origin. It shares its origin with a much older programming language “S.”

R has Lesser Speed

The programming language of R is slower than other programming languages like Python. R packages are also much slower than other languages. In R, algorithms are increased across different packages. The programmers who have no knowledge of packages may find it difficult to implement algorithms.

Python Programming languages- R vs python which is better

Python is a general-purpose and high-level programming language. this is an interactive, object-oriented, scripting language suitable for common tasks. it is designed so that the code written in it is easy to read and understand. Guido van Rossum in1991 invented this. this is actually a programming script in which the code does not need to be acquired, i.e. pre-assembled in order to run the program. Python claims very clear remarkable power with the syntax” and its slandered library large and comprehensive. Actually, Python is one of the well-known programming languages in the world afterward Java and C.f.

Feature of python- R vs Python Which is better

Python gives many useful features. it makes it popular and valuable from the other programming languages.

There are many features of Python as below:

Python is easy to read

Python language is created to make developers’ life easy. Reading Python code is such as reading an English sentence. Python, there is no use of the semicolon as well as curly- bracket. This is one of the key reasons that make Python the best for beginners.

Interpreted Language

Python is an interpreted language. It means the python program is executed one line at a time. It comes with the IDLE. This is an interpreter and follows the REPL. It displays and executes the output of one line at a time. So it displays errors while you’re running a line and displays the whole stack trace for the error.

Python has Dynamically-Typed Language

You don’t require to declare data type while defining a variable. interpreter decided this at runtime based on the types of the parts of the expression. It is easy for programmers but can generate runtime errors. Basically, Python follows duck-typing.


Python helps both functional and object-oriented programming. it is an object. This procedure helps programmers to write reusable code as well as develop applications in less code.

Python is an Open-Source

It is open-source and it has a big community around the world that is dedicated to working toward making new Python modules and functions. its source code is freely available to the public. Python is completely free to use, even for commercial purposes

Python has a Large Standard Library

It is extensible. You can use code from other languages like C++ in your Python code. It is also embeddable. You can embed your Python code in different languages like C++.

Features Of Python
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Features Of Python

Advantages of Python-R vs Python Which is better

Various advantages of Python are mentioned below:

Python is Simple to Use and Understand

For newcomers, Python is simple to understand and easily readable who have never written a code in it. Python users are continuously evolving and growing. It’s a highly developed programming language with English-like syntax. The language is simple to adapt as a result of these factors. this is better for easily building server-side applications, automating build systems as well as collecting test data.

Python is an Interpreted Language

It is a described language, implying that the code is executed line by line. This is one of the best features of Python that creates it simple to use. In case of an error, it halts the process and reports the difficulty.

Extensive library

Python includes a wide selection of libraries that the user can use. The standard library in Python is immense, and it includes almost every function imaginable. Large and supportive communities, as well as corporate sponsorship, have contributed to this. When working with Python, users do not need to use external libraries.

Dynamically Typed

Till we run the program, Python has no idea what kinds of parameters we’re talking about. It allocates the data type directly during execution. The programmer does not require to declare variables and their data types.


Many other languages, including C/C++, demand that user must change their code to run on different platforms. Python, on the opposite, is not equal to other programming languages. You only require to write it once, and it will run anywhere. However, the user should keep away from involving any system-dependent features.

Disadvantages of Python- R vs Python Which is better

Let’s discuss the disadvantages of python below:

Python has a Slow Speed

We discussed above that Python is a described language and dynamically-typed language. Python is slower than other languages. The dynamic nature of Python is also responsible for its slow speed of Python. It has to do extra work while executing code.

Python is not Memory Efficient

To allow simplicity to the developer, Python has to do some tradeoffs. Python programming language uses a big amount of memory. This can be a disadvantage while building applications when we choose memory optimization.

Python has Weak in Mobile Computing

Python is mainly used in server-side programming. It is not a better language for mobile development. We don’t get to see Python on the client-side or mobile applications because of this reason. It is not memory effective and it has slow processing power as compared to other languages.

Database Access

Python has limitations with database access. But when we are interacting with the database, it lacks behind. Python’s database access layer is primitive and underdeveloped in comparison to popular technologies. High enterprises hardly use Python due to its complexity.

Difference between R and Python- R vs Python which is better

Now, when we know what R? as well as what is Python is?. Let’s just have a look at the difference between R and Python to understand R vs Python which is better.

Speed and Performance:

Although both languages are used for big data analytics. But performance-wise, Pytha is good option than R for building critical fast applications. R is slower than Python but still fast enough to handle big data operations. Hence, Python is better than R.

Graphics and Visualization: 

R gives various packages for the graphical interpretation of data. Python also has some libraries for visualization, but they are more complex than R. R has a well-printed library that helps in building publication-quality graphs. That’s why R is better than Python.

R vs Python is Deep Learning

 Both languages have gained their popularity with the rising popularity of data science as well as machine learning. Python Proposal has a lot of finely tuned libraries. R got KerasR, an interface of Python’s heavy learning package. Thus, now both languages have a very good collection of packages for deep learning.

Unstructured Data: 

Data created from social media is mainly unstructured. Python proposal packages likewise NLTK, scikit -image, and PayPI to analyze unstructured data. R also gives proposal libraries for analyzing unformed data, but the help is not as good as Python.

Community Support:

 Both languages have good group support. Both languages have a user mailing list, user can share documents and codes. So, here is a tie between both languages. But both languages do not have customer service help. This means users have just online communities and developer’s documents for help.

Conclusion- R vs Python which is better

Doing data analysis work in any language is more similar than you might expect. As long as you understand the underlying concepts, choose the language you are most familiar with. R has an edge in statistics and visualization, while Python has the advantage in machine learning and building tools. If you are new to data analysis, you should learn Python, as it is more straightforward and versatile, but I would also recommend focusing on the concepts and quality of analysis over the language. At Dataquest, we teach data science by focusing on concepts and helping you build projects and add value.

Frequently asked questions

Q. Which is more useful R vs Python?

Ans. R is a statistical language used for the analysis and visual representation of data. Python is better suitable for machine learning, deep learning, and large-scale web application. R has more powerful libraries for data experiments and exploration than python.

Q. Should I learn R vs Python first?

Ans. It’s better to learn Python before you learn R. There are still many jobs where R is needed. these days, Python is becoming the most effective programming language for data scientists and the better first choice to focus on. If you learn both programing languages, you can use R code in Python.

Q. Why Python is better than R?

Ans. Python is better when you require to centralize a group of data from various sources or have to unify your models into pipelines. Python is better than R as it can be used for different purposes. It has better scalability, performance, etc.

Q. How to learn Python And R?

Ans. Both languages are better for data. They’re also both suitable for beginners with no previous coding experience. It does not matter which language you choose first, you’ll find a big range of resources and materials to help you along the way. These are just a few choices for getting started.

Q. What are the differences between Python and R?

Ans. (i) R is used for statistical analysis with python providing a more general approach.

(ii) Python is linear and smooth while R is tough to learn at the beginning.

(iii) R is integrated to run locally while python is well integrated with apps.

Q. What are the data types in R?

Ans. There are various data types as follows :

(i) Numeric data type

(ii) Integer Data Type

(iii) Complex Data Type

(iv) Character Data Type

(v) Logical Data Type

Q. Do data scientists use R or Python more?

Ans. Data scientists use both languages that are R as well as Python. Both record list Python as the most popular language for data science, followed by R.

Q. Is R and python required for business analytics?

R is mainly used for statistical analysis. While Python gives a more common approach to data science. R and Python are state-of-the-art in terms of programming languages oriented toward data science. Learning both languages is the ideal solution.

Q. Is SQL and Python enough to get a job?

Ans. Yes, they are. Having Python and SQL skills can get you a job in the data field, whether it is Data Science, Data Analytics, Data Engineering, or Machine learning.

Q. What are the advantages of R?

Ans. (i) R is an open-source language.

(ii) R is a platform-independent language which means its code can run on all operating systems.

(iii) R allows us to do various machine learning operations such as classification and regression.

(iv) R simplifies quality plotting as well as graphing.

(v) R is a continuously growing programming language.

Q. Which is more in demand Python or R?

Ans. R is more in demand than Python in data science. R requires a specific skill set as compared to Python which is a multi-purpose language.

Q. What can Python do?

Ans. Python can connect to the database system. using Python, it can handle big data and perform complex mathematics



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